The tree is indigenous to the highlands of Central America.
This is really a sub-tropical species, as it grows in equatorial regions but is adapted to cooler conditions up to altitudes of 2100m. It does not do well in hot, tropical lowland areas. Mature trees can only just tolerate frosts, whereas young trees may be killed.
It is an evergreen, laticiferous tree, 8-15m tall. Young stems are covered with brown hairs and its dark green leaves are clustered towards the shoot apices. In sub-tropical climates it is often semi-deciduous.
Sapotaceae Family. It is related to mamey sapote, sapodilla, canistel and abiu.
Slightly acid soils and well-distributed rainfall are best. There is little tolerance for poorly drained soils.
By seed or grafting for selections. Faster germination can be achieved by cracking the hard seed coat before sowing. Inarching may be more successful than other ways of grafting.
None established. There is considerable variation in fruit quality between trees.
Pinkish-white, tubular flowers are borne in fascicles of 2-5. Flowers seem to be self-compatible and insect pollinated.
Irrigation during dry spells is important; the tree may defoliate otherwise. Do not put mulch too close to the trunk, as fungus and root rots can occur. No properly conducted studies have been reported on fertiliser needs, but similar protocols to citrus seem to be productive.
Pruning needs are minimal and mainly focussed on containing tree size.
Fruit is ovoid to ellipsoid with a pointed apex, 5-15cm long. It has very thin olive-green coloured peel which becomes almost translucent at maturity with a brownish-orange flesh showing through. When ripe the flesh is smooth, sweet and coloured orange-red with 1-2 brown seeds 2-5cm long.
Seedlings have a juvenility period of several years and may then flower for 1-2 years before fruit are held through to maturity. Subsequently, more than 100 fruit/tree may be produced. Bloom is normally in late winter early spring, with harvest 12 or more months later depending on climate. Fruit normally take 1-2 weeks to fully ripen after picking.
The sweet pulp is generally eaten fresh but is also preserved and used in desserts. It is a good source of vitamin C and is high in carbohydrates (25-30%) and antioxidant activity.
No major problems. Phytophthora is potentially a problem.
Green sapote is not only judged by many to be better than its close relative the mamey sapote, but in addition, to be one of the best of all the Sapotaceaous fruit.